Jaisalmer fort is situated in the west of the state of Rajasthan in the Thar Desert (“Resident of death”), stretched on the territory of 800 km long and 320 km wide. Over the centuries, it has been a natural barrier between the Indus Valley and the fertile plains of northern India.
Jaisalmer fort was founded in 1156 by Raval Jaisal of the Bhatti Rajput clan (ruled 1155-1167), moving here from the capital city less secure Lodhurva (Lodhurva, 16 km to the west of Jaisalmer). Brahman hermit told Raval that once visited this place. Lord Krishna and Arjuna have predicted the construction of a fort near Trikuta Mountains (Trikuta Hill, letters. “Three Peaks”, 76 m). The name consists of the name of Rav, and the word “measure” (“fort”) and thus is translated as “Fort Jaisal”. Jaisalmer fort is also called the “Golden City”, as the houses built of local varieties of yellow sandstone, shining golden in the evening light – is one of the attractions of India.
The walled city is a great and wonderful in their power structure. Narrow streets are lined with cobblestones. On both sides of the streets delicate stone balconies are hanging with overhanging roofs and beautiful carved railing. The workers did not only rock the grid, but also doors that are cased in yellow sandstone as complex geometric shapes, patterns and images of mythical gods. Moreover, to those who could pay enough, the door was covered with beautiful stone carvings. In addition, the patterns went from the threshold to the roof. The most amazing and beautiful images were designed to decorate Hindu temples.
The fortress is located in 884 km south-west from the city of Delhi, 622 kilometers from the city of Jaipur, 332 km from Bikaner and 286 kilometers from Jodhpur. The main streets of the city are at the foot of the fort from the central market square, and run east to the pond Gadsisar and west to Gandhi Chowk. The city formed a tourist center, which is located near Gadisar pond, of Jaisalmer fort, starting work with the 10.00 am and ending at 5.00 pm. Currently, many tourists come to visit this famous city fortress. It amazes and surprises with its power and beauty. One day is not enough to get around the whole castle and enjoy the beauty of streets and patterns.