Ayutthaya is an ancient city in Thailand located near Bangkok, 100 km to the north of it. The city is the ancient capital of the eponymous kingdom preceding Siam. In 1991, the historic center of Ayutthaya was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Before the fall of Ayutthaya in, there were 400 temples, 3 Palaces, 12 km of the fortress wall, 17 small fortresses and 100 city gates. In the city 50 km of canals has also been carried out, for which it was named the Eastern Venice. A 12-kilometer city wall, partly preserved to the present day, once surrounded oval city. In the center of the island there is a historical park and ruins of the ancient Royal Palace. In the northern part there is almost untouched by time, the palace of the Crown Prince, which now is a museum, the exhibition is a collection of statues of Buddha and material evidences of that era.
Scattered Ayutthaya ancient temples and ruins are considered cultural monuments of international importance. The list includes VET Phra Si Sanphet of XIV century, the largest temple in its time in the city, which once housed a 16-meter high statue of Buddha covered with 250 kg of gold. Unfortunately the Burmese conquerors considered it their duty to melt it. Preserved from the XVI century, like a fortress VET Phra Meru escaped destruction in 1767 and boasts a stunning carved wooden ceiling, a magnificent 6-meter-high statue of a seated Buddha in the crown and made of green stone Buddha statue brought from Ceylon, which is 1300 years, and that depicts the Buddha sitting on a chair.
VET Phra Chao Choeng Phanan was built in the XIV century, probably Rouge, before Ayutthaya was the capital of Siam. It is a 19-meter figure of the Buddha, in whose honor the temple is named. The restored Elephant Kraal – a relief for those who are already tired of visiting the numerous temples. A huge wooden room, built from teak logs planted at an angle of 45 degrees, was once used as a shelter for wild elephants. King had a special pavilion at the top to observe the fascinating spectacle. During the day, from the north of Bangkok to Ayutthaya Station frequent buses. The road will take two hours. Trains departing from Hualamphong Train Station, drive faster and more frequently than buses.