In 1911, within a few days through the wilds of the jungle at the foot of the mountain of Machu Piсchu in Peru expedition of Hiram Bingham crept, accompanied by Indians. Before eyes of researchers fully intact ancient lost city of Machu Picchu appeared, with its undefeated observatories, temples and houses. Machu Picсhu is indeed an important architectural monument in South America, and in 2007 it received the status of the new wonder of the world. Since the time of the sons of the Inca sun the city came down to us intact, and its beauty is incomparable with many other cities around the world.
The name to Machu Picchu town was given by its discoverer, now also disappeared forever in the memory of the centuries. The city is located in 120 kilometers from the famous Cusco near the Urubamba River. It is believed that Machu Picchu Pachacuti (ruling in the 1438-1471 years) built. Originally, Machu Picchu served a secondary role, but after the capture of the Spanish Cusco has become the main and the last city of the Incas, where their civilization came to naught. The Spaniards have not been here, but all the same civilization began to fade. Preservation of other settlements, gradual overgrowing the city reduced its population. And so it went until the last resident died. Bingham found here a few dozen skeletons, most of which were women’s.
It is necessary to be surprised only by the skill of the ancient builders. Buildings located in a remote place, are at different heights, and to connect them constructors had to make more than a hundred stairs of stone. All the buildings of the city are made in Cyclopean masonry – stones are held only by its own weight. Due to the unevenness of the terrain and the presence of strong slopes stones sometimes have special convexity for greater stability. Also worth noting that all these stones colossus by the level of development of the Inca were erected exclusively by human strength without the use of special tools. By the way, the study of the ancient city of the Incas is continued, and who knows what discoveries the ruins of the magnificent monument of culture of Machu Picchu hide.