Badlands National Park was established in 1978, on the 10th of November. It is located in the south-western part of South Dakota, between the rivers Cheyenne and White. Its area is generally equal to 982 km². Translated name of the national park stands for “badlands”. The protected area has a rich history as a fossil, and human. Thus, the fossils were found in the park, which allow us to study the evolution of a unique North American fauna. The Badlands are the remains of mammals, camels, rhinos, pigs, saber-toothed cats, three-toed horses, and animals that resemble elephants.
In the past, more than 11,000 years, the Americans used the Badlands National Park land for hunting in the summer. It was the first time they have found the fossilized remains of a protected area. In these places there were the sharpest clashes between the new settlers and the Native Americans. The culmination of this conflict has become Dance of the Spirits, 1890, as well as the massacre at Wounded Knee Creek that has become one of the last battles in the Indian Wars.
Many years ago the protected area was a floodplain. Scientists have begun to investigate the fossil in 1840, this process continues today. Extensive cliffs and walls create a more gloomy landscape, which, however, extraordinarily beautiful. Pointed spikes, teeth, ridges, single hills hit by its extraordinary beauty, reminding fantastic pictures. This can be seen particularly clearly in the wasteland Sage Creek, forms of which were created by the wind. Prairie and rock formations form a stunning contrast.
Badlands National Park has banded rocks, which consist of a mixture of volcanic ash, clay, silt and sand. Below them there is the oldest layer, which is related to the Oligocene epoch (35.4 – 23.3 million years ago), it is difficult to imagine. Badlands National Park climate is aridity. During the summer the temperature often exceeds the mark of 40 ° C. The weather is changeable, tornado exiles winds, thunderstorms, lightning are not uncommon in the protected area.
Badlands National Park is attractive because here you can see wild animals in the environment that is natural for them. The park is home to pronghorn antelope, bighorn sheep, bison and other animals.